使用本地的docker客户端连接远程docker的守护进程

概述

在这之前我们要知道docker是一个c/s架构的程序,也就是说我们输入的docker命令实际上是客户端用来发送指令给docker的守护进程的,所有的操作都是docker的守护进程来做。

一些基础知识

docker和服务端守护进程通信有两种方式一个就是docker自己的client(docker cli)还有一个就是用户可以自己写程序,调用docker的remote-api来和docker的守护进程通信。还有要知道的是docker客户端和服务端是使用socket连接方式的,有三种socket连接方式,一种是直接连接本地的socket文件unix:///var/run/docker/sock,第二种是tcp://host:prot,第三种是fd://socketfd,默认docker都是直接连接本地的socket文件,而且还支持fd://socketfd,如果我们要支持远程连接就必须要加上tcp连接方式

使用docker本地客户端连接远程docker服务端

实验环境是 2台centos虚拟机,而且都安装上了docker,为了却别两台机器,我在服务端机器上pull了一个ubuntu镜像
docker pull ubuntu
之后修改服务端配置,让它支持使用tcp远程访问,这里说明一下docker1.12版本之前是修改vim /etc/default/docker的DOCKER_OPTS参数的,但是1.12之后docker建议在/etc/docker/daemon.json文件中修改docker启动参数,具体的所有参数如下面所示

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{
"authorization-plugins": [],
"data-root": "",
"dns": [],
"dns-opts": [],
"dns-search": [],
"exec-opts": [],
"exec-root": "",
"experimental": false,
"storage-driver": "",
"storage-opts": [],
"labels": [],
"live-restore": true,
"log-driver": "",
"log-opts": {},
"mtu": 0,
"pidfile": "",
"cluster-store": "",
"cluster-store-opts": {},
"cluster-advertise": "",
"max-concurrent-downloads": 3,
"max-concurrent-uploads": 5,
"default-shm-size": "64M",
"shutdown-timeout": 15,
"debug": true,
"hosts": [],
"log-level": "",
"tls": true,
"tlsverify": true,
"tlscacert": "",
"tlscert": "",
"tlskey": "",
"swarm-default-advertise-addr": "",
"api-cors-header": "",
"selinux-enabled": false,
"userns-remap": "",
"group": "",
"cgroup-parent": "",
"default-ulimits": {},
"init": false,
"init-path": "/usr/libexec/docker-init",
"ipv6": false,
"iptables": false,
"ip-forward": false,
"ip-masq": false,
"userland-proxy": false,
"userland-proxy-path": "/usr/libexec/docker-proxy",
"ip": "0.0.0.0",
"bridge": "",
"bip": "",
"fixed-cidr": "",
"fixed-cidr-v6": "",
"default-gateway": "",
"default-gateway-v6": "",
"icc": false,
"raw-logs": false,
"allow-nondistributable-artifacts": [],
"registry-mirrors": [],
"seccomp-profile": "",
"insecure-registries": [],
"no-new-privileges": false,
"default-runtime": "runc",
"oom-score-adjust": -500,
"node-generic-resources": ["NVIDIA-GPU=UUID1", "NVIDIA-GPU=UUID2"],
"runtimes": {
"cc-runtime": {
"path": "/usr/bin/cc-runtime"
},
"custom": {
"path": "/usr/local/bin/my-runc-replacement",
"runtimeArgs": [
"--debug"
]
}
}
}

默认docker不创建这个文件,所以我们要创建并且添加上我们要的配置,不要的可以不加,比如我的就是

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{
"registry-mirrors": ["https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
"labels": ["name=docker-server"],
"hosts": [
"tcp://0.0.0.0:2376",
"unix:///var/run/docker.sock"
]
}

第一行是仓库地址,第二行是给docker-daemon做一个标签,第三行hosts就是连接方式,现在docker同时支持两种连接方式了
接着我们直接在客户端centos机器上连接服务端的机器,输入下面命令
docker -H tcp://192.168.0.83:2376 info
-H后面就是指定连接的服务端地址 info表示查看服务端daemon的信息

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[[email protected] ~]# docker -H tcp://192.168.0.83:2376 info
Containers: 0
Running: 0
Paused: 0
Stopped: 0
Images: 1
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
Backing Filesystem: xfs
Supports d_type: true
Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
Volume: local
Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
seccomp
Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
name=docker-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false

如果你不想每次都输入-H参数,那么你可以在客户端机器加上下面的环境变量
export DOCKER_HOST="tcp://192.168.0.83:2376"

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[[email protected] ~]# export DOCKER_HOST="tcp://192.168.0.83:2376"
[[email protected] ~]# docker info
Containers: 0
Running: 0
Paused: 0
Stopped: 0
Images: 1
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
Backing Filesystem: xfs
Supports d_type: true
Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
Volume: local
Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
seccomp
Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
name=docker-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false

如果你想连接本地那么改回环境变量即可

export DOCKER_HOST=""

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[[email protected] ~]# export DOCKER_HOST=""
[[email protected] ~]# docker info
Containers: 0
Running: 0
Paused: 0
Stopped: 0
Images: 0
Server Version: 18.03.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
Backing Filesystem: xfs
Supports d_type: true
Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
Volume: local
Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: cfd04396dc68220d1cecbe686a6cc3aa5ce3667c
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
seccomp
Profile: default
Kernel Version: 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 1
Total Memory: 1.797GiB
Name: MiWiFi-R1CM-srv
ID: 7S6I:U2LJ:C2KG:LVP7:D6WA:46KN:A2HB:XJ7G:6CI3:6ID3:3A5F:B7CZ
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
name=docker-client-server
Experimental: false
Insecure Registries:
127.0.0.0/8
Registry Mirrors:
https://kf0vxqi6.mirror.aliyuncs.com/
Live Restore Enabled: false

最后再说一句,如果你碰到了下面的问题
error during connect: Get http://192.168.0.83:2376/v1.37/info: dial tcp 192.168.0.83:2376: getsockopt: no route to host
那么就是你系统的防火墙开了,你只要修改防火墙规则或者关闭掉防火墙就好了,在centos下是
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
如果你还想查看更多关于连接的问题你可以查看下面这篇博客
远程连接docker daemon,Docker Remote API

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